a group of conditions caused by fungi of the genus Aspergillus, usually Aspergillus fumigatus. These conditions nearly always arise in patients with pre-existing lung disease and fall into three categories. The allergic form most commonly affects asthmatic patients and may cause collapse of segments or lobes of a lung. The colonizing form leads to formation of a fungus ball (aspergilloma), usually within a pre-existing cavity in the lung (such as an emphysematous bulla or a healed tuberculous cavity). Similar fungus balls may be found in other cavities, such as the eye or the sinuses around the nose. The third form of aspergillosis, in which the fungus spreads throughout the lungs and may even disseminate throughout the body, is rare but potentially fatal. It is usually associated with deficiency in the patient's immunity.

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  • Aspergillosis — Classification and external resources Histopathologic image of pulmonary invasive aspergillosis in a patient with interstitial pneumonia. Autopsy material. Grocott s methenamine silver stain …   Wikipedia

  • aspergillosis — [as΄pər ji lō′sis] n. pl. aspergilloses [as΄pər ji lō′sēz΄] an infection caused by a fungus (genus Aspergillus), characterized by small, inflamed lesions of the skin, respiratory tract, bones, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Aspergillosis — Infection with the fungus Aspergillus, seen especially in people with a deficient immune system. The clinical features of aspergillosis can include invasive lung infection and disseminated disease, usually with fever, cough, spitting up blood,… …   Medical dictionary

  • aspergillosis — /as peuhr jeuh loh sis/, n., pl. aspergilloses / seez/. an infection or disease caused by a mold of the genus Aspergillus, characterized by granulomatous lesions of the lungs, skin, etc. [1895 1900; < F aspergillose; see ASPERGILLUS, OSIS] * * *… …   Universalium

  • aspergillosis — noun (plural aspergilloses) Date: 1898 infection with or disease caused (as in poultry) by aspergillus molds …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • aspergillosis — (as per jil o sis) A fungal disease caused by species of Aspergillus …   Dictionary of microbiology

  • aspergillosis — Lung disease caused by fungi of the genus Aspergillus …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • aspergillosis — noun Any of various infections by fungi of the genus Aspergillus that cause granulomatous lesions …   Wiktionary

  • aspergillosis — n. animal disease caused by a mold fungus from the Aspergillus family …   English contemporary dictionary

  • aspergillosis — [ˌaspədʒɪ ləʊsɪs] noun Medicine a condition in which certain fungi infect the lungs or other tissues, especially through inhalation of spores from mouldy hay. Origin C19: from mod. L. Aspergillus (genus name of the fungi), from aspergillum + osis …   English new terms dictionary

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